As the world progresses further and it becomes easier for a person to move from one place to another, a host of social issues come to the forefront. Even with all the technological innovations, the basics of social needs like acceptance have not progressed. Ethnic minorities still face several challenges in the world and find it hard to become a part of the new communities.

 In this article, we will briefly explain the top issues faced by ethnic minorities in everyday life.

  1. Social mobility

Ethnic minorities find it hard to move up in the social and cultural ladder. Many times, it will be hard for them to overcome the cultural bias set by the preceding generations. For examples, if all the Caribbean families reside in one neighborhood, it will be harder for a new immigrant family to find a house in another neighborhood due to the preconceptions set by the existing community. If all the African American kids go to a specific school, finding a seat in another school becomes difficult. They see the issue in many ethnic minority groups in several countries. Assimilation into the general population becomes harder and thus it leads to the creation of ghettos in specific communities. Once you become a part of such a ghetto, opportunities to move up in the social ladder become extremely difficult.

  1. Economic and job opportunities

Multiple surveys conducted over the last several years show an alarming trend in the job opportunities available to ethnic minorities. According to one survey, 43% of Caucasian men and 45% of Caucasian women were able to move up the socio-economic class than their father’s generation. In contrast, the first generation of black Africans, Indians, and other Asian communities had less than 34% upward mobility. Over the last decade, unemployment figures of the black male population are twice that of the white male’s unemployment rate. It is harder for a black man to find a job than his white counterpart. Interestingly, even among the ethnic minorities, there is a hierarchy in the economic mobility. In the United States, the Jewish and the Indian communities enjoy a higher rate of employment and economic opportunities when compared with the Pakistanis and Bangladeshi communities.

  1. Fair representation

Some democracies in the world give special representations to its ethnic minorities to help them have a voice in the electoral process. But this is not the case in every country. The police treatment of ethnic minorities has been a hotly contested issue in different parts of the world. While everyone is quick to say they do not racially profile potential suspects, it still happens. Although the laws of most of the western world do not dictate punishment based on the color of the skin or religion, the rate of arrests and convictions prove there is a bias within the system.

There is a continuous struggle from different ethnic groups to find a fair representation and equal treatment under the eye of law. But we are still a long way to go from achieving that goal.

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